• 东南网首页
您所在的位置: 澳大利亚频道 >  中澳头条
【走进内阁】认识澳大利亚最高级别的政府官员(一)
分享到:
2016-07-27 08:49 彭寒 王慧明 来源:东南网澳大利亚站 责任编辑:王文青

   随着澳大利亚大选尘埃落定,获胜的自由党国家党联合政府组建新的内阁,澳大利亚未来三年内的政府核心部门和人员业已确定。

本系列将带您走进新内阁,认识澳大利亚最高级别的政府官员。

Malcolm Turnbull (马尔科姆·特恩布尔)

   Malcolm Turnbull (马尔科姆·特恩布尔)

澳大利亚总理,自由党党魁,众议院议员,亿万富豪。

Prime Minister, Leader of Liberal Party, MP, Multi-Millionaire.

Turnbull本人在从政之前是律师和银行家,身家过亿。虽然没有具体的相关数据统计,但Turnbull被广泛认为是澳大利亚历史上最富有的总理,他曾多次作为政界唯一代表入选澳大利亚《商业周刊》财富榜前200名。

关于Turnbull,人们最为津津乐道的话题莫过于2015年他挑战时任总理Tony Abbott (托尼·阿伯特),在没有经过大选的情况下在国会党团投票中获胜当选总理,一时间被媒体称为“不可思议的胜利”。

事实上,这只是Turnbull本人和Abbott之间恩怨的一部分。早在2008年,Turnbull就当选为自由党党魁了,当时还是陆克文和工党执政的时代。由于Turnbull在环境问题上的激进意见引起了自由党内部以Abbott为首的保守派的不满,Abbott在2009年底在党内对Turnbull的党魁位置发起挑战。在随后的党团大会中,Turnbull以一票之差落败。

2016年大选之后,虽然Abbott再次当选众议员,但在最新公布的内阁名单中,这位前总理依然被Turnbull拒之门外。

资料图

Turnbull与中国之间的故事可以追溯到上个世纪九十年代。1994年, Turnbull曾在河北投资,创办了中国大陆改革开放之后的第一家中外合作矿山企业。Turnbull本人的儿媳妇也来自中国,名叫王怡文,在香港长大。

Turnbull对华的态度相对温和,对于中国的崛起有着全面和公道的认识,也是中澳自贸的坚定推动者。

“正如基辛格所说,中国与苏联、甚至美国不同,并不寻求说服别国接受其价值,更别说政府制度了。”特恩布尔去年九月访问中国时公开表示,中国作为世界最重要贸易国的地位支持了他的论点——中国崛起将基本上是和平的。

Before entering politics, Turnbull worked as journalist, lawyer, merchant banker and venture capitalist. As the only political representative in BRW rich 200 in 2009 and 2010, he’s widely considered as the richest Prime Minister in the history of Australia.

He was first elected the Leader of Liberal Party 7 years before he finally made it and became Prime Minister. He challenged Tony Abbott in a leadership ballot last year the same way he was challenged by the same political opponent in 2009. The difference is, Abbott won the party leadership while Turnbull won the country.

Following the narrow victory in 2016 election, Turnbull’s new ministry, as expected, rejected re-elected MP, former Prime Minister Tony Abbott.

The story between Mr. Turnbull and China dates way back to the 90’s, when he invested in the first joint Sino-Foreign mining enterprise, ever since China’s economic reform in1979, in Hebei Province of China.

He also has a daughter-in-law of Chinese background.

Julie Bishop(朱莉·毕晓普)

   Julie Bishop(朱莉·毕晓普)

澳大利亚外长,自由党副党魁,众议院议员。

Foreign Minister, Deputy Leader of Liberal Party, MP.

作为来自西澳的众议员,Bishop在国会中已经待了18年了。在这期间,她曾经担任过教育部长,科技部长等。2013年随着Tony Abbott上台,Bishop出任澳大利亚外交部长。值得一提的是,她已经在三位自由党领袖的麾下担任副党魁了。虽然党魁的位置你争我夺,但自从2007年,自由党的二把手就一直是她。

在大多数中国人和中国媒体的印象中,Bishop的名字可能不会太友好。这位澳大利亚外交部长在一系列涉及中国领土主权的敏感问题上数度发表态度强硬的言论,其中就包括了钓鱼岛和南海。

2013年,刚刚上任的澳大利亚外交部长Bishop在钓鱼岛问题上发表态度强硬的言论,引来中澳舆论一片哗然。中国外交部长王毅在同年Bishop的中国之行中对此回应道,澳方此举“损害了双方互信”。

2016年7月,关于应菲律宾共和国单方面请求建立的南海仲裁案仲裁庭作出的裁决,Bishop第一时间发表声明称其对各方均具有拘束力,而中方无视裁决将“付出巨大的国际声誉代价”。

对此,中国外交部严正回应。外交部发言人陆慷表示,对于Bishop的言论,他感到“震惊”,“在这方面,我有四个字送给澳大利亚方面——‘殷鉴不远’。”

Julie Bishop has been sitting in the Parliament House in Canberra for 18 straight years since her very first attempt to pre-selection in 1998, during which she has served in portfolios including education, science, ageing, etc.

She was appointed the Minister for Foreign Affairs in 2013 as Tony Abbott was elected Prime Minister and serves in the position till now.

Bishop may have never been a friendly name to most Chinese people thanks to several remarks she made on disputed area in East and South China Sea. In 2013, the newly appointed Foreign Minister’s remark over East China Sea was responded by Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi as “a damage to the mutual trust”.

In 2016, she once again made herself headlines all over China.

Australia will continue to exercise our international law rights to freedom of navigation and overflights, and support the right of others to do so, wrote Julie Bishop in her statement, to which Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said he was “Shocked” by Julie Bishop’s remark.

 

Barnaby Joyce(巴纳比·乔伊斯)

   Barnaby Joyce(巴纳比·乔伊斯)

澳大利亚副总理,国家党党魁,众议院议员,农业与水资源部长。

Deputy Prime Minister, Leader of National Party, MP, Minister for Agriculture and Water Resource.

在2016年大选中取得胜利的澳大利亚国家党领袖Barnaby Joyce, 现就任澳大利亚副总理与农业与水资源部部长职位。他于2004年大选中进入联邦国会参议院,成为昆士兰州议员。在担任国会参议院议员期间,Barnaby Joyce因曾28次在立法事宜上投对立党派的票,而被戏称为“政治怪杰”。2013年8月他辞去参议院议员职务,转为入驻众议院,并在2013年和2016年两次大选中连任,担任新英格兰选区议员。

在2011年,作为一名虔诚的天主教徒,Barnaby Joyce 曾强烈反对另一位国会议员Sarah Hanson-Young提出的同性恋婚姻合法化的提案,并公开宣称反对同性恋婚姻。尽管这一言论在2013年进行联邦大选时,给他增添了不少障碍,但是他仍然坚持自己的观点。

去年,这位”政治怪杰”却因与好莱坞影星 Johnny Depp的互呛登上了全球头条。因Johnny Depp的妻子在非法偷运两只爱犬入澳洲境内而被Barnaby Joyce 威胁要将狗狗安乐死。Johnny Depp在接受采访时讽刺Joyce “像个会爆炸的番茄”, Joyce回应自己已变成Depp脑中的“Hannibal Lecter”,(电影《沉默的羔羊》中的吃人狂魔),“在我忘了他之后,他会依然记得我”。在大选过后Joyce笑谈“再见 Johnny, 感谢为我宣传”。

今年7月,Barnaby Joyce公开发表言论驳斥种族主义议员Pauline Hanson提出的禁止穆斯林移民澳大利亚,要求在清真寺安装监控摄像机等种族歧视政策,并坚称因为信仰而限制移民是不平等的,因为“每种信仰下都会有乖僻的信徒”。

As the incumbent Deputy Prime Minister and the Minister for Agriculture and Water Resource, Barnaby Joyce first set foot in the senate when he won a Queensland senate seat for the Nationals at the 2004 federal election. Although he had lost the seat at the 2007 federal election, he regained it fleetly in the next election. When Joyce resigned from the senate in 2013 to contest the election, he won New England for the Nationals in the biggest swing in Australian political history with a margin of 21.5%. During his time as a National's senator he became known as a ‘political maverick’, crossing the floor 28 times.

In 2011, Barnaby Joyce lobbied against a bill proposed by senator Sarah Hanson-Young that would allow for same-sex couples to marry. He also has spoken out in opposition to same-sex marriage, which post a pressure on his proponents in 2013 federal election. However, Joyce remains unmoved on same sex marriage.

He’s been in the spotlight a few times and in 2015 he made international headlines when he threatened to euthanatize two dogs illegally brought into Australia owned by Hollywood actor Johnny Depp and his wife. “He looks like tomato and might explode”, Depp said on Jimmy Kimmel Live. “I think I’m turning into Johnny Depp’s Hannibal Lecter. Long after I’ve forgotten about Mr. Depp, he’s remembering me.” Joyce responded. In the end of 2016 federal election, Joyce also said “Bye bye Johnny, thanks for the advertising”.

In July of 2016, with a passionate defense of religious freedom, Barnaby Joyce emphatically rejects Pauline Hanson’s policies such as banning Muslim immigration and putting CCTV cameras in mosques. He believes that it is unfair to ban Muslim immigration for religion reason and he told Sky News, “You never know, every group has their rat-bags”.

东南网澳大利亚站记者 彭寒 王慧明 

关于我们 | 广告服务 | 网站地图 | 网站公告
互联网出版许可证 新出网证(闽)字12号 信息网络传播视听节目许可 许可证号:1310572 广播电视节目制作经营许可证(闽)字第085号 增值电信业务经营许可证 闽B2-20100029
东南网授权法律顾问 福建合立律师事务所 毛行熙、陈武、张英琴 律师 电话:0591-87921115
福建日报报业集团拥有东南网采编人员所创作作品之版权,未经报业集团书面授权,不得转载、摘编或以其他方式使用和传播
职业道德监督、违法和不良信息举报电话:0591-87095151 举报邮箱:jubao@fjsen.com 福建省新闻道德委举报电话:0591-87275327
国新办发函[2001]232号 闽ICP备案号(闽ICP备05022042号) 互联网药品信息服务(闽)--经营性--2015-0001 全国非法网络公关工商部门举报:010-88650507(白)010-68022771(夜)